Emotional wellness deals with an individual's self-image. This involves feeling and expressing a wide range of emotions, and learning how to manage those emotions instead of being controlled by them. It is important to express all emotions even if at times that means anger, jealousy, sadness, etc., but what is even more important is to act appropriately so that they help you and not hurt you or someone close to you. By managing your emotions, you can help increase your desire to participate in activities you enjoy, help others with concerns they may have, and develop more sound relationships between others and yourself.
Environmental wellness is needed for optimal personal health. This involves maintaining a quality food supply, decreasing violence, maintaining good air and water quality, recycling more often, and protecting ourselves from hazards. It is important to live a lifestyle that is respectful of our environment. This includes respecting nature and those species living in it. It is just as important to show respect for others living in our environment as it is to show respect for the physical environment itself.
Intellectual wellness involves critical thinking, mastering new skills and creativity. Individuals can increase their levels of intellectual wellness by talking to someone with a different viewpoint, finding out about international happenings, or by reading a book for enjoyment. Having a well-rounded knowledge about a variety of subjects has great impact on the perspective with which we see ourselves, others, and the larger community.
Spiritual wellness deals with concepts such as a set of guiding beliefs, principles, or values that give meaning and purpose to one's life - for example, joy, love, compassion, forgiveness. Spirituality allows us to find the inner calm and peace needed to get through whatever life brings. When we are "in tune" with this aspect of wellness, we can find meaning in life events, comfort when things aren't going well, the beauty in life, the ability to be compassionate towards others, and individual purpose.
Social wellness involves satisfying relationships, support to and from those in our lives, and good communication skills. Individuals interact with others every day. Therefore, it is important to have skills to relate with other people in a variety of settings and to peacefully resolve interpersonal conflicts when they arise. Social wellness also deals with being part of the community and enjoying all it has to offer. This involves not only being part of the local community but also the country and the world.
Physical wellness involves attitudes and behaviors that optimize the functioning of the body. Physical wellness encourages regular physical activity to achieve cardiovascular fitness, muscle flexibility and strength, and stress relief. It emphasizes balanced nutrition and discourages the use of tobacco, drugs, and excessive alcohol consumption. This dimension of wellness promotes taking care of one's body for optimal health and functioning.